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California Crop Improvement Association
University of California
California Crop Improvement Association

Bean

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GENERAL STANDARDS -- The standards on this sheet are in part condensed and apply to beans. For greater detail and additional provisions, see the General Standards.

PLANTING STOCK -- In most varieties Breeder seed must be planted to produce Foundation seed, Foundation seed must be planted to produce Registered seed, and Registered seed must be planted to produce Certified seed. In varieties where there is no Registered class, Foundation seed must be planted to produce Certified seed. Planting stock of generations that will be produced under sprinklers must be tested and found free of common bacterial blight. A lab certificate/analysis must accompany application.

APPLICATION -- Applications should be submitted electronically on CCIA’s website (Application to grow certified seed instructions) as soon as possible and no later than three (3) weeks after planting. New applicants should contact the CCIA office for instructions on obtaining access to the online application system.

FIELD ELIGIBILITY -- The land must not have grown the same species of beans as the previous crop unless the beans were of the same variety planted for certification and met the field inspection requirements for varietal purity. NOTE: No overhead sprinkler irrigation is allowed on Foundation seed production.

ISOLATION -- Varieties need not be isolated but all fields or portions of fields intended for certification must have a definite boundary such as a fence, ditch, roadway, levee, or barren strip at least ten (10) feet wide.

FIELD INSPECTION -- Each field intended for certification must be inspected prior to harvest. At least one inspection shall be made preferably during the mid-bloom stage and, in some cases, earlier and later inspections may be made.

Off-Types -- Every field should be rogued to remove any plants of another crop or variety. Varieties cannot always be differentiated at field inspection. When differences can be distinguished, the maximum mixture of other varieties, distinct off-types, and inseparable other crops permitted is as follows:

Foundation Registered Certified
1:10,000 1:2,000 1:2,000

Weeds -- Fields must be free of any prohibited noxious weeds. Restricted noxious weeds, and common weeds difficult to separate must be controlled. Prohibited and Restricted noxious weeds are listed in the California Seed Law/CA Code of Regulations/Sections 3854 and 3855. See California Seed Law - Prohibited and Restricted Noxious Weed List.

Diseases -- Fields for certification must be free from bacterial blights, anthracnose and wilt. Common bean mosaic virus shall not exceed:

Foundation Registered Certified
None 1:200 1:200

Fields may be refused certification due to unsatisfactory appearance caused by weeds, poor growth, poor stand, disease, insect damage, and any other condition which prevents accurate inspection or creates doubt as to identity of the variety.

A field inspection report will be sent to the applicant. If the field is approved, a certification number will be assigned. This number must be on all containers of seed before they leave the field. It is the responsibility of the applicant to make sure his field has been inspected before it is harvested.

HARVESTING -- Harvesting is subject to the supervision of the Country Agricultural Commissioner who must be contacted prior to harvest. Any seed moved out of the county for conditioning must be accompanied by an Intercounty Permit or Interstate Transfer issued by the Commissioner.

CONDITIONING AND SAMPLING -- Conditioning of seed for certification may be done only in facilities approved for this purpose by the California Crop Improvement Association. It is the responsibility of the applicant to determine if the plant is eligible before delivering seed for conditioning. Conditioning, sampling, reconditioning, and blending must be supervised by the County Agricultural Commissioner. Conditioning equipment must be free from contaminating seed to the satisfaction of the supervising inspector.

SEED INSPECTION - All seed must be sampled and tested after conditioning and the seed lot must meet or exceed seed certification standards for that crop. A seed lab using the Association of Official Seed Analyst “Rules for Testing” must test the sample. A Registered Seed Technologist must sign each lab analysis. In addition to AOSA rules, specific seed testing may be required to meet CCIA seed certification standards.

The conditioner is required to submit a 1,000 gram sample to the laboratory for analysis. See Submitted Sample Sizes for Certification. In some instances, varietal identity cannot be determined by visual seed inspections. Seed must be well screened and graded, bright in color, of good appearance and meet the following standards:

  Pure Seed
99.00% (Minimum)
  Inert Matter
1.00% (Maximum)
  Foreign Material
0.50% (Maximum)
  Splits and Cracks
1.00% (Maximum)
  Badly Discolored
0.50% (Maximum)
  Chewing Insect Damage
0.50% (Maximum)
  Other Crop Seed
-
 Foundation
None
-
 Registered
0.05% (Maximum)
-
 Certified
0.10% (Maximum)
  Other Varieties
-
 Foundation
None
-
 Registered, Certified
1 seed per 2 pounds (Maximum)
  Weed Seed
None
  Noxious Weed Seed
None
  Germination and Hard Seed
85.00% (Minimum)
The total of all impurities shall not exceed 2%. Weed seeds found in purity   need to be listed on lab analysis.

The CCIA requires Reports of Analysis for initial certification to be dated no more than a maximum of six (6) months prior to the request for seed certification. The ‘Purity Analysis’ and ‘Germination’ must be conducted on the same laboratory seed sample and those results must be presented in a single Report of Analysis.

FINAL CERTIFICATION AND TAGGING -- If the seed sample meets all standards a seed inspection report is issued. Before certification is complete, however, each container must have an official tag or label attached. Certified seed may be sold to a grower in bulk without tagging if a properly filled out Bulk Sale Certificate accompanies the shipment. The tags and Bulk Sale Certificates are issued by the California Crop Improvement Association to the County Agricultural Commissioner who supervises their attachment.

Updated November 2015

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